Charlotte Perkins Gilman

Charlotte Perkins Gilman

*July 3, 1860 (Hartford, United States)
†August 17, 1935 (Pasadena, United States)

Charlotte Perkins Gilman was an American writer, philosopher and social reformer. She was born as Charlotte Anna Perkins in Hartford, Connecticut, to Mary Fitch Westcott Perkins and Frederick Beecher Perkins, who left the family to poverty when she was very young. As a result, she received very little formal education in her youth, but later attended the Rhode Island School of Design. Gilman married artist Charles Stetson in 1884, but domestic life proved unsuited to her, and after the birth of their daughter, Katharine, she began to suffer from depression. This experience inspired her to her famous short story, The Yellow Wallpaper (1892) about a woman’s descend into madness. To improve her health, Gilman moved to California with her daughter in 1888 and spent much of the following years writing and lecturing on topics such as feminism, marriage, social reform and women’s role in society. She divorced her husband in 1894 and, believing in equal paternal rights, send her daughter to live with him. In 1900, Gilman married her cousin, George Houghton Gilman, and experienced for the first time a fulfilling relationship that endured until Houghton Gilman’s death in 1934. Over the intervening years, Gilman wrote and published more than a dozen books as well as poems and non-fiction, and ran her own magazine, The Forerunner, in which many of her stories appeared. Among her most famous works are the manifesto Women and Economics (1898), a radical call for economic independence for women, and her feminist utopian novel Herland (1915) about an all-female society. After she was diagnosed with incurable cancer, Gilman ended her own life in 1935.

  • Primary Sources

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1904): Human Work. New York: McClure, Phillips & Co.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1909): How Home Conditions React Upon the Family. In: The American Journal of Sociology 14 (5), S. 592–605. Online verfügbar unter http://www.jstor.org/stable/2762637, zuletzt geprüft am 03.01.2015.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1911): The Crux. A Novel. New York: Charlton Company. Online verfügbar unter https://ia600204.us.archive.org/7/items/cruxnovel00gilmrich/cruxnovel00gilmrich.pdf, zuletzt geprüft am 25.04.2014.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1913): Mann und Frau. Die wirtschaftlichen Beziehungen der Geschlechter als Hauptfaktor der sozialen Entwicklung. Dresden: Heinrich von Minden Verlag.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1913): The Waste of Private Housekeeping. In: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 48, S. 91–95.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1923): His religion and hers. A study of the faith of our fathers and the work of our mothers. New York, London. Online verfügbar unter http://solomon.soth.alexanderstreet.com/cgi-bin/asp/philo/soth/documentidx.pl?sourceid=S10019872.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1927): Progress through Birth Control. In: The North American Review 224 (838), S. 622–629.
    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1970, ©1911): The man-made world;. Or, Our androcentric culture. New York: Source Book Press.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1972): The home; its work and influence. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1975): Women and Economics. A Study of the Economic Relation Between Men and Women as a Factor in Social Evolution // A study of the economic relation between men and women as a factor in social evolution. 9th. New York: Gordon Press.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1979): Herland. New York: Pantheon Books. Online verfügbar unter http://scdx.suichang.gov.cn/tushu/EBook%5CYWYZ%5CHERLAND%28%E5%A5%B9%E4%B9%A1%29.pdf, zuletzt geprüft am 07.07.2014.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1980): The Charlotte Perkins Gilman reader. New York: Pantheon.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1988 // 1994): Herland. Dt. Erstausg., 67.-71. Tsd // Dt. Erstausg., 80. – 83. Tsd. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt (Rororo, 4607 : Neue Frau // 4607).

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1991): Charlotte Perkins Gilman a nonfiction reader. A nonfiction reader. New York: Columbia Univ. Pr; Columbia Univ. Press.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1992): The yellow wallpaper. Stuttgart: Reclam.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1996): Earth, the World and I. Virginia: UPV.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1996): The Women’s congress of 1899. Virginia: UPV.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1998): Mr. Vaughns Ende. München: Frauenoffensive.
    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1998): Unpunished. A mystery. 1. ed. // 1. paperback ed. New York: Feminist Press; Feminist Press at the City Univ. of New York (TheElaine R. Hedges American women’s literature series).

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (2005): Die gelbe Tapete. Wien: edition selene.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (2005): Frauen und Arbeit. Aachen: ein-FACH-vlg.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (2009): The yellow wallpaper. [Repr.]. Boston: Bedford Books [u.a.]; Bedford Books (Bedford cultural editions).

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (2012): Gelbe Tapete. Monolog ; nach “Die gelbe Tapete” von Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Unter Mitarbeit von Bärbel Hische und Uta Fleischmann. Oldenburg: Isensee (Edition im Staublau, Nr. 1).

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (2014): The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. München: BookRix.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins; Catt, Carrie Chapman (1903): The home, its work and influence. New York: McClure Phillips & co.
    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins; Goubran, Alfred (2005): Die gelbe Tapete. Erstausg. Wien: Ed. Selene.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins; Knight, Denise D. (1994): “The yellow wall-paper” and selected stories. Newark: Univ. of Delaware Press [u.a.]; University of Delaware Press.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins; Kowitzke, Gerlinde (1998): Mr. Vaughns Ende. Roman. 1. Aufl. München: Frauenoffensive; Verl. Frauenoffensive.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins; Nemo, August (2020): Essential Novelists – Charlotte Perkins Gilman. A glimpse of the feminist future. Vachendorf: Tacet Books (Essential Novelists, 34).

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    Bobock, Bert (2008): Women & Evolutionary Economics – A comparison of Thorstein Veblen’s “Theory of the Leisure Class” and Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “Women and Economics” in historical perspective. 1. Auflage, digitale Originalausgabe. München: GRIN Verlag.

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    Deegan, Mary Jo; Podeschi, Christopher W. (2001): The Ecofeminist Pragmatism of Charlotte Perkins Gilman. In: Environmental Ethics: An Interdisciplinary Journal Dedicated to the Philosophical Aspects of Environmental Problems 23 (1), S. 19–36.

    DeLana, Alice; Reik, Cynthia (1975): On common ground. A selection of Hartford writers. Hartford: Stowe-Day Foundation.

    Drizou, Myrto (Hg.) (2017): Edith Wharton. First edition. Ipswich Massachusetts, Amenia NY: Salem Press a division of EBSCO Information Services Inc.; Grey House Publishing (Critical insights).

    Egan, Maureen L.: Evolutionary Theory in the Social Philosophy of Charlotte Perkins Gilman. In: Hypatia’s Daughters: Fifteen Hundred Years of Women Philosophers.

    Esau, Julia (2012): Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s The Yellow Wall-Paper. An unfair treatment of the narrator? Munich: GRIN Verlag.

    Fessenden, Tracy (2007): Culture and redemption. Religion, the secular, and American literature. Princeton N.J.: Princeton University Press.

    Feusahrens, Ellen (2008): Exercising Influence, Hoping for Change. Sarah Orne Jewett, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Zitkala-Sa Negotiate Feminism at the Turn of the Century. Saarbrücken: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller.

    Finlay, Barbara (2007): Before the second wave. Gender in the sociological tradition. Upper Saddle River N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

    Forward, Stephanie (2003): Dreams, visions, and realities. Birmingham: University of Birmingham Press (Late Victorian and early Modernist women writers).

    Gaskill, Nicholas (2018): Chromographia. American literature and the modernization of color. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

    Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (2012): Gelbe Tapete. Monolog ; nach “Die gelbe Tapete” von Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Unter Mitarbeit von Bärbel Hische und Uta Fleischmann. Oldenburg: Isensee (Edition im Staublau, Nr. 1).

    Gogol, Miriam (Hg.) (2018): Working women in American literature, 1865-1950. Lanham: Lexington Books.

    Golden, Catherine; Zangrando, Joanna S. (2000): The mixed legacy of Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Newark, London: University of Delaware Press; Associated University Presses.
    Goodman, Robin Truth (Hg.) (2015): Literature and the development of feminist theory. New York NY: Cambridge University Press.

    Gough, Val; Rudd, Jill (1998): A very different story. Studies on the fiction of Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press (Liverpool science fiction texts and studies, 14).

    Harmening, Jessica (2019): Sexuo-economics in Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935). Paderborn: Universitätsbibliothek.

    Harris, Sharon M.; Hughes, Linda K. (2013): A feminist reader. Feminist thought from Sappho to Satrapi. Cambridge UK, New York: Cambidge University Press.

    Henry, O.; Gilman, Charlotte Perkins; Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich; Maupassant, Guy de; Poe, Edgar Allan; Gogolʹ, Nikolaĭ Vasilʹevich; Hawthorne, Nathaniel (2016): Mental health in short stories (Illustrated). Hg. v. Yona Rodrigue Cohen. Mason OH: ELL Reading LLC.

    Hill, Mary Armfield (1980): Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The making of a radical feminist, 1860-1896. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

    Hodzic, Berina (2016): Power Politics in Marriage and Medical Attitudes in Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper”. 1. Auflage. Munich: GRIN Verlag.

    Hogan, J. Michael (2003): Rhetoric and reform in the Progressive Era. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press (A rhetorical history of the United States, 6).

    Horowitz, Helen Lefkowitz (2010): Wild unrest. Charlotte Perkins Gilman and the making of “The yellow wall-paper”. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Imaankaf, Hakima (2014): Social and medical attitudes toward women in the short story “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Munich: GRIN Verlag GmbH.

    Ingildsen, Pernille (2020): Water Stewardship. London: IWA Publishing.

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    Jacobs, Richard (2020): Literature in our lives. Talking about texts from Shakespeare to Philip Pullman. New York: Routledge.

    Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz (2011): Stylistic and Linguistic Means in Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper”. 1. Auflage, digitale Originalausgabe. München: GRIN Verlag.

    Johnston, Frances Benjamin (a 1900): Charlotte Perkins Gilman, 1860-1935. In: Portraits.

    Karpinski, Joanne B. (1992): Critical essays on Charlotte Perkins Gilman. New York, Toronto, New York: G.K. Hall; Maxwell Macmillan Canada; Maxwell Macmillan International (Critical essays on American literature).

    Klering, Stefanie (2007): Krankheit als Widerstand – Eine psychologische Interpretation von Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper”. München: GRIN Verlag GmbH.

    Klering, Stefanie (2007): Krankheit als Widerstand – Eine psychologische Interpretation von Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper”. 1. Auflage, digitale Originalausgabe. München: GRIN Verlag.

    Kluwe, Sigbert (1979): Weibliche Radikalität. Histor. Fallstudien über Mary Wollstonecraft, Frances Wright, Sarah u. Angelina Grimké, Charlotte Perkins Gilman. Frankfurt/Main, New York: Campus-Verlag (Campus Forschung, Bd. 90).

    Knewitz, Simone (2006): Making Progress. Pragmatism and Utopia in the Works of Charlotte Perkins Gilman and John Dewey. 1. Aufl. London: Turnshare.

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    Krehl, Eva Maria (2006): Madness and Confinement in Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wall-Paper” and Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre. 1. Auflage. München: GRIN Verlag.

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  • Online Sources
  • ECC
  • Media

    Vorlesung “History of Women Philosophers” – Harriet Taylor Mill, Edith Stein und Hannah Arendt

    Teil 10 der Vorlesung “History of Women Philosophers” des Wintersemesters 2011/2012 von Prof. Dr. Ruth Hagengruber an der Universität Paderborn.

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