Jane Addams

Jane Addams

*September 6, 1860 (Cedarville, Illinois, United States)
†May 21, 1935 (Chicago, Illinois, United States)

Jane Addams was a pioneer social worker, feminist, and an internationalist in America. She was born in Cedarville, Illinois.In 1881 Jane Addams graduated from the Rockford Female Seminary as the valedictorian. After the school became accredited as Rockford College for Women, she was granted her bachelor’s degree. At 27 she visited the settlement house, Toynbee Hall in London and was then set on opening a similar house in an underprivileged area of Chicago. In 1889 she and Miss Starr leased a large home. By 1991, Hull-House hosted up to two thousand people every week. The Hull-House was extended by an art gallery, a public kitchen; a coffee house, a gymnasium, a swimming pool, a cooperative boarding club for girls, a book bindery, an art studio, a music school, a drama group, a circulating library, an employment bureau, a labor museum. 

In 1905 she was made chairman of the School Management Committee of  Chicago’s Board of Education. In 1906 she gave lectures at the University of Wisconsin which she later published in a book, Newer Ideals of Peace.  In 1908 she participated in the founding of the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy. She was the first female president of the National Conference of Charities and Corrections. In 1910 Yale University awarded Jane Addams with the first honorary degree ever awarded to a woman. From 1913 she was a lecturer sponsored by the Carnegie Foundation and spoke against America’s entry into the First World War. From 1915 she was chairman of the Women’s Peace Party and president of the International Congress of Women. For the remainder of her life Jane Addams served as president at the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom until 1929, as presiding officer of six international conferences in those years, and as honorary president.

by Violeta Milicevic

  • Primary Sources

    Addams, Jane. An extensive collection of Miss Addams’ papers is deposited in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania.

    Addams, Jane, A Centennial Reader, ed. by E. C. Johnson, with a prefatory note on Jane Addams’ life by W. L. Neumann and an introduction by William O. Douglas. New York, Macmillan, 1960.

    Addams, Jane, Democracy and Social Ethics. New York, Macmillan, 1902. Republished with an introductory life of Jane Addams by A. F. Scott. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1964.

    Addams, Jane, The Excellent Becomes the Permanent. New York, Macmillan, 1932.

    Addams, Jane, The Long Roal of Woman’s Memory. New York, Macmillan, 1916.

    Addams, Jane, Newer Ideals of Peace. New York, Macmillan, 1907.

    Addams, Jane, Peace and Bread in Time of War. New York, Macmillan, 1922.

    Addams, Jane, The Second Twenty Years at Hull-House: September 1909 to September 1929. New York, Macmillan, 1930.

    Addams, Jane, The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets. New York, Macmillan, 1909.

    Addams, Jane, Twenty Years at Hull-House: With Autobiographical Notes. New York Macmillan, 1910.

    Addams, Jane, A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil.  New York, Macmillan, 1912.

    Addams, Jane, Jane Addam’s Essays and Speeches, edited and introduced by Marilyn Fischer and Judy D. Whipps. London, Continuum, 2005

    Addams, Jane, Balch, Emily G., Hamilton, Alice, Women at the Hague: The International Congress of Women and its Results. New York, Macmillan, 1915

    Addams, Jane, My Friend, Julia Lathrop. New York, Macmillan, 1935

  • Secondary Sources

    Curti, Merle, «Jane Addams on Human Nature», Journal of the History of Ideas, 22 (April-June, 1961) 240-253.

    Farrell, John C., Beloved Lady: A History of Jane Addams’ Ideas on Reform and Peace. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press, 1967. Contains a major bibliography.

    Lasch, Christopher, The New Radicalism in America, 1889-1963: The Intellectual as a Social Type. London, Chatto & Windus, 1966.

    Linn, James W., Jane Addams: A Biography. New York, Appleton-Century, 1935.

    Tims, Margaret, Jane Addams of Hull House, 1860-1935. London, Allen & Unwin, 1961.

    Braches-Chyrek, Rita, Jane Addams, Mary Richmond und Alice Salomon: Professionalisierung und Disziplinbildung Sozialer Arbeit. Opladen, Budrich, 2013

    Cracraft, James, Two Shining Souls: Jane Addams, Leo Tolstoy, and the Quest for Global Peace. Lanham, Lexington, 2012

    Schneiderhan, Erik, The Size of Others’ Burdens: Barack Obama, Jane Addams, and the Politics of Helping Others. Stanford, Stanford, 2015

    Cassano, Graham, Payette, Jessica, Schultz, Rima Lunin, Eleanor Smith’s Hull House Songs: The Music of Protest and Hope in Jane Addams’s Chicago. Boston, Brill, 2019

    Crocker, Ruth, Social Work and Social Order: The Settlement Movement in two Industrial Cities, 1889-1930. Urbana, University of Illinois, 1992

    Deegan, Mary Jo, Jane Addams and the Men of the Chicago School, 1892 – 1918. New Brunswick, Transaction, 1988

    Elshtain, Jean Bethke, Jane Addams and the dream of American democracy. New York, Basic Books, 2002

    Fischer, Marilyn, Jane Addams’s Evolutionary Theorizing: Constructing “Democracy and Social Ethics”. Chicago, University of Chicago, 2019

    Frey, Connie D., Jane Addams on Peace, Crime, and Religion: The Beginnings of a Modern Day Peacemaking Criminology. Lincoln, University of Nebraska, 2007

    Chmielewski, Wendy (ed.), Fischer, Marilyn (ed.), Nackenoff, Carol  (ed.), Jane Addams and the practice of democracy. Urbana, University of Illinois, 2009

    Hamington, Maurice, The Social Philosophy of Jane Addams. Urbana, University of Illinois, 2009

    Hamington, Maurice, Feminist Interpretations of Jane Addams. University Park PA, Pennsylvania State University, 2010

    Hamington, Maurice, Embodied Care. Urbana, University of Illinois, 2004

    Levine, Daniel, Jane Addams and the Liberal Tradition. Madison, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1971

    Lewis, Hunter, The Essence of . . . Jane Addams’s Twenty Years at Hull House. Lanham, Axio, 2012

    Moskop, Wynne Walker, Jane Addams on Inequality and Political Friendship. New York, Routledge, 2019

    Shields, Patricia, Jane Addams: Progressive Pioneer of Peace, Philosophy, Sociology, Social Work and Public Administration. Cham, Springer, 2017

  • Online Sources
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